Bitter Melon has a distinct warty exterior and an oblong shape. It is hollow in cross-section, with a relatively thin layer of flesh surrounding a central seed cavity filled with large, flat seeds and pith. The fruit is most often consumed while it bears its green color. At this stage, the fruit’s flesh is crunchy and watery in texture. The skin is tender and edible. Seeds and pith appear white in unripe fruits; they are not intensely bitter and can be removed before cooking. Bitter melon is well known for its properties as toxin cleanser and improving general health.
Bitter Gourd/ Bitter Melon, is known as Karela in Hindi Pavakkai in Tamil, Pavakka / Kaippakka in Malayalam, Kakara Kayi in Telugu, Haggala Kai / Hagara Kai in Kannada, Karola / Uchche ion Bengali.